Lorna Stewart Fishing Reel December 15th, 2017 - 10:22:57
Spinning reels were in use in North America in the 1870s. Developed for the use of flies for trout or salmon fishing. Mitchell Reel Company introduced the first modern commercial spinning reel in 1948. The Mitchell 300 was designed with the face of the spool forward in a fixed position below the rod. A line pickup was used to retrieve line; an anti-reverse lever prevented the crank handle from turning when a fish is pulling line from the spool. Most spinning reels operate best with a limp flexible fishing line. Fly fishing reels or centrepin reels are mainly used for fly fishing. They traditionally are simple in mechanical design; little has changed from the patented designed by Charles F. Orvis in 1874. A fly reel is normally used by pulling line off the reel with one hand, while casting the rod with the other hand. To slow a fish, the angler applies hand pressure to the rim of the spool ("known as palming the rim"). Early fly reels had no drag, but a click/pawl mechanism to keep the reel from overrunning when line is pulled from the spool. In recent years improvements have been made for better reels and drag for larger fish. Saltwater fly reels designed for use in an ocean environment are normally larger in diameter for a larger line and backing for long runs of big game ocean fish.
The spinning reels are generally the highest purchased and most popular reel used today, but it is really not the only option. Remember, never guess as to which is the best for you, as you have to know this before you go to purchase your next fishing reel. In order to determine which reel is the best for you, you have to understand which fish you want to go after, where your plan on going to go fishing, etc. Also to being able to understand how the reel works and is operated is extremely important to determine which one is the best for you. Keep in mind, spinning reels are by far the most popular kind of reel today, and are usually fairly simple to keep up as well. Here some quick maintenance tips to help you to keep your reel in tip top condition as possible, and avoid having your repair it down the road.
Reel bodies can be made of plastic, aluminum, steel, or graphic. Aluminum is tougher than graphite, but graphite is much lighter. It is a personal call whether the lower weight of graphite is worth it trade off in toughness, but it primarily depends on the type of fishing you do. Larger fish will require aluminum, while catching smaller fish allows you to get away with graphite and have less weight to deal with. Graphite is also great at resisting saltwater corrosion. When looking at a reel to buy you should be sure it feels solid and has no loose and rattling parts. There movement should be smooth and there should be no back play.
Heavier lures allow for fisherman to fish at higher speeds and the heavier lines are great for fighting those big fish such as salmon. Basically, you are able to put more pressure on the line without being afraid of it snapping. One of the reasons that beginners have trouble using a bait casting reel is because the reel actually sits above the rod. Because of this, anglers have to use their thumb to control the spool and lure placement. Beginners also have trouble with backlash. Backlash is what occurs when the line gets tangled in the spool. The steep learning curve of bait casting reels is the biggest disadvantage. It takes a tremendous amount of practice otherwise your line will be tangled in the spool all day long. Although the advantages are clear, the disadvantages far outweigh them. So unless you are a veteran angler, stay away from bait casting reels.